The Basics of Chemistry
- September 24, 2016
- Posted by: Janell R. Koehler
- Category: Education
The study of identifying the substance found in a matter is called chemistry. Chemistry shows how each substance works and contributes to all the other substances found in matter. Studying chemistry is very helpful for you, since we use chemistry all the time. We will be able to understand why or how something happens, like why do you become alert after having your cup of coffee. Getting help with chemistry will allow you to understand most science branches as well. Chemistry allows you to learn how to live in harmony with the world. Here are the basic topics of Chemistry that you need to learn:
Acid Base Chemistry
Acid base chemistry is a study that focuses on different acids and bases. You will be able to study the components of a substance that has to do with water. Acid base chemistry also focuses on the study of Ph value, of the acidity and basicity of a substance. There are also different meanings of bases and acids.
You will be able to learn the Lewis Theory, Arrhenius and Bronsted-Lowery in acid base chemistry. The acid base character, acid base titrations and anything that has to do with salt will be discussed on acid base chemistry topics.
You will be studying what atomic structure is all about. The smallest building block of matter is called an atom. Protons, neutrons and electrons are what makes up an atom. With the atomic structure topic, you will be learning the introduction to the periodic table of elements where you will have to memorize the symbol of each element. The periodic table consists of 8 different groups. To understand how atoms work, you will need to understand how atoms charge, which will be discussed in this topic. You will be able to understand quantum numbers and atomic numbers. The configuration of electrons will be determined in the study of the atomic structure.
The periodic table, as introduced in the atomic structure topic, will be discussed further. The periodic table topic will focus on the configuration of electrons. In here, the concept of different periodic trends such as electronegativity, electron affinity, ionization energy, radii, electron configurations and oxidation numbers will be discussed. You will learn how to determine the complete configurations of elements.
Lewis Structures And Diagram
The covalent structure of an ion or molecule is used to represent the Lewis structure while the Lewis diagram represents the unpaired and paired valence electrons. The topic talks about different Lewis structures, such as electron-rich compound, resonance structure, polyatomic ions and electron-poor compound.
The changing process of at least one substance is called a chemical reaction. In this topic, you will be discussing chemical reactions using a chemical equation where the substances produced in a chemical reaction are called product while the changed substances are called reactants. There are different chemical reactions that could happen, such as classifying reactions, non redox reaction and redox reaction.
Stoichiometry is also known as chemistry math. This is used to calculate moles, percents and masses of a chemical reaction. With this topic, you will be able to learn how to make and calculate chemical equations. Using the equation, you will be able to tell how many moles are there in products and reactants. In this topic, using the equation, you will be able to learn density, concentration of solutions , molecular and empirical formula, composition of a percent, limiting reagents and balancing chemical equations.
Naming of compounds is also a term used for chemical nomenclature. This will help you to study the different conventions and rules. The oxidation and reaction is an important part of chemistry that you should learn. You will be able to form ionic compounds if you learn about oxidation. Once you have learned how ionic compounds are formed, then you will be able to name them which you will also learn in chemical nomenclature topic. You will be able to learn atomic structures within this topic as well. Naming different compounds will be learned too, such as molecular compounds, inorganic acids, binary molecular compounds and compounds.
Though it may sound complex, chemistry is really fun to study. Understanding how things work around us through chemistry will amaze you in many ways. You can easily get help with chemistry if you find some things to be confusing.